Lake Macquarie History

Lambton Colliery

The City Council of Lake Macquarie acknowledge the Aboriginal people known today as the Awabakal, as the traditional Custodians of the land, respecting Aboriginal Elders past, present and future. Lake Macquarie City Council recognise the local Aboriginal community today in all of their diversity, who came forward to share their experiences, knowledge, images and memories.

The last train left Lambton Colliery on 19 December 1991 thus bringing to an end the operational life of the last colliery on the Newcastle Coalfield with 19th Century functional buildings. During its long life the colliery frequently changed names and owners.

During 1886 Scottish Australian Mining Company (SAMCo.) obtained land at “The Red Head”, south of Newcastle. The Company intended to call the new colliery “Ryhope”. The next year name was changed to Durham Colliery. Shafts were sunk and buildings erected during the 1890s. The colliery was laid out and designed by Thomas Croudace, the foundation colliery manager of the SAMCo. During February 1898 the name changed again to Lambton Colliery B Pit. During 1900 Lambton B Junction laid in to transport the colliery’s production by rail. Colliery employment was listed as 66. In January 1924 following the sale, Lambton Colliery at Lambton became known as Old Lambton. Lambton Colliery B Pit at Redhead was officially retitled Lambton Colliery.


Andrews, Brian John & Coal Services Pty Ltd 2011, Coal mines of NSW, Coal Services Pty Ltd.], [Sydney]

Andrews, Brian Robert 2004, Coal, railways and mines : the story of the railways and collieries of J & A Brown, Iron Horse Press, Redfern, N.S.W