Lake Macquarie History

Tulkaba Creek, Teralba

This creek flows from bushland, passes under Railway Street and through an early, round brick-lined tunnel built for this purpose under the railway embankment. The more adventurous school children, used to walk through this tunnel before the undergrowth eventually obscured the openings. It then passes under William Street, alongside the school yard, under York Street, and beside Tulkabah Park into Cockle Creek at the Five Island bridges. Tulkabah is an Awabakal word meaning ‘a place of soft ti-trees’. This name was suggest by Teralba Public School students in 2005. By 2007, the bottom bricks inside the tunnel were showing signs of wear caused by 110 years of flowing water. A few cracks were also found. Although this was not considered dangerous, a concrete pipe liner was installed with cement in between the liner and the old tunnel.The portal has been rendered over but unfortunately the old brickwork is no longer visible.


Threlkeld, L. E. (Lancelot Edward) & Gunson, Walter Neil 1974, Australian reminiscences and papers of L. E. Threlkeld : missionary to the Aborigines, 1824-1859, Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, Canberra

1954 'DISTRICT PLACE NAMES MAKE FASCINATING STUDY', Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (NSW : 1876 - 1954), 11 December, p. 5. , viewed 15 Apr 2019,

Acknowledgement of Country

We remember and respect the Ancestors who cared for and nurtured this Country. It is in their footsteps that we travel these lands and waters. Lake Macquarie City Council acknowledges the Awabakal people and Elders past, present and future.

Council acknowledges traditional custodians throughout Australia. We commit to listening deeply to and collaborating with First Peoples in our work.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people should be aware that this website and Council's cultural collections may contain images, voices or names of deceased persons in photographs, film, audio recordings or printed material.

This website may contain place names, opinions and terms that reflect authors' views or those of the period in which the item was written or recorded. These may not be considered appropriate today.

If you experience any issues with the website or its content please contact us [email protected]